Goats = Caprines
Banding- A type of castration. Performed by using a tool to put a special heavy duty rubber band around the scrotum (between the testicles and the body). The blood circulation is cut off, and in 12 to 30 days the scrotum and testes will slough off.
Billy- An intact male goat. An old world term. Can be construed to be not as polite as saying "buck", but usually uttered by elders or "old cow-folk".
Browse- Food, usually broad-leafed woody plants, shrub or brush, but it can refer to grass.
Buck- A male goat, usually an adult (older than one year of age).
Buckling- A young male goat, usually less than a year old.
Burdizzo- A type of bloodless castration. Involves a clamp-like tool tool which crushes the spermatic cord and blood vessels leading to the testicles. The effect is to prevent blood reaching the testicles so that they gradually wither away and die. Considered to be a humane way of castration, but my vet said there is a high chance of tetanus as you have dead rotting tissue still attached to the body until they "dissolve".
Butting- (Head butting) A method of fighting among goats in which they hit or push on each other with their heads. Usually done to establish pecking order among the herd, to chase away others from food, or between two males fighting for a female.
CAE- Caprine Arthritic Encephalitis. An incurable goat disease. Best to buy goats from a herd that is tested yearly and is "clean" or "free". Click here for more info.
Castrate- To neuter, to remove the testicles form the body. Usually done in one of three ways, see Banding, Burdizzo, and Cutting.
Chlamydia- Small organisms associated with pneumonia, abortion, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, arthritis and encephalitis. Usually fought with an antibiotic.
CL- Caseous Lymphadenitis. An incurable" disease where the goat develops puss filled abscesses, especially on their throat in the lymph glands. No cure. Highly contagious and also transmissible to humans in the form of flu-like symptoms and/ or a rash. Best to buy from breeders who test their herd yearly and the herd is "clean" or "free" from this disease.
Coccidiosis- A condition caused by a protozoan parasite that destroys the lining of the small intestine causing diarrhea and possibly death. The number one killer of baby goats. Treated with an antibiotic/ anti protozoa medicine. Click here for more info.
Colostrum- The first couple days of milk that a mother who has recently given birth produces. It is full of important antibodies for the young and is essential to their life.
Cutting- A type of castration. Entails cutting the bottom of the scrotum off and pulling out the testicles. Usually done under anesthesia. My vet says this is the safest and most humane way of castration.
Dam- The mother/ mom goat.
Disbudding- Removing the horns "buds" on a young goat so that they will not grow horns. Usually done with a disbudding iron, a very hot tool used to cauterize and burn off the horn buds. Best done at 3-10 days of age. Can be done on an older goat by a vet under anesthesia.
Doe- A female goat, usually referred to a goat over 1 year of age.
Doeling- A young female goat, usually under one year of age.
Drenching- Oral administration of medication, usually done with a "drenching gun" where the medicine is put far back into the throat so the animal cannot spit it back out.
Estrus- The period of time when the female is sexually receptive to the male. Also known as being in "heat".
Forage- Fiber-containing feedstuffs such as hay, browse and pasture.
Freshen- To give birth and start producing milk.
Heat- (See Estrus) The period of time when the female is sexually receptive to the male.
IM- To give a shot intra-muscularly (in the muscle).
Johnes- A wasting disease of ruminants. Animals will eat and eat and still seem to lose weight and waste away. Can be tested for by blood. Best to buy stock from a "clean" or "free" herd.
Ketosis- Pregnancy Toxemia/Ketosis is caused by a build up of excess ketones in the blood (will show up in urine & milk), due to the incomplete metabolic breakdown of body fat. It occurs in a doe (before or after kidding) because of an inability to consume enough feed to meet her needs. Ketosis can be caused by either too much or too little grain, the wrong type of grain and also poor quality hay/forage. Click here for more inf0.
Kid- A baby goat.
To Kid- To give birth.
Kidding- Giving birth.
Lactation- The period of time when a doe is producing milk.
Mastitis- An inflammation/ infection of the udder, almost always caused by bacteria but also can be a result of injury. Click here for more info.
Milk Sack- The proper term is "udder" not "milk sack". An old world term.
Nanny- A female goat. An old world term. Can be construed to be not as polite as saying "doe", but usually uttered by elders or "old cow-folk".
Necropsy- The examination of a dead animal to determine the cause of death, usually performed by a veterinarian. Equal to a human "autopsy".
Orifice- The hole in the end of a teat where milk comes out.
Pinkeye- A highly contagious disease that affects the eyes of goats (also contagious to humans).
Pregnancy Toxemia- Pregnancy Toxemia/Ketosis is caused by a build up of excess ketones in the blood (urine & milk), due to the incomplete metabolic breakdown of body fat. It occurs in a doe (before or after kidding) because of an inability to consume enough feed to meet her needs. Ketosis can be caused by either too much or too little grain, the wrong type of grain and also poor quality hay/forage. Click here for more info.
Roughage- Coarse or Rough bulky feed high in fiber such as hay, straw and silage.
Rumen- The large first compartment of a ruminant's stomach containing microbial (bacteria) population that is capable of breaking down forages and roughage. Bacteria is what breaks down the feed that goats eat, if a goat eats too much of a new food it doesn't have the correct bacteria to digest it and that can cause scours. Always introduce new foods slowly.
Ruminant- An animal that uses bacteria to digest their food, chews their cud, and has a four compartmented stomach, ie goats, cows, sheep, deer, camels, etc.
Rumination- Part of the process of a ruminant, usually referred to the second stage process where the animal "brings up" food (cud) to be re-chewed.
Scours- Diarrhea in goats, caused by many different things, usually the animals way of getting rid of something they can't digest or something toxic. Can also be caused by bacterial or coccidosis infections.
Sire- The father goat.
Soremouth- (ORF) A highly contagious (also to humans), viral infection that causes scabs around mouth, nostrils, eyes and may effect udders of lactating does.
Sub-Q (SQ)- To give a shot Subcutaneously (under the skin).
Teat- The protuberance through which milk is drawn from an udder.
Udder- The mammary system of a ruminant, produces and stores the milk. The proper term for a goat's mammary glands. It is not properly called a "milk sack" though it is sometimes referred to as her "bag". It is most polite to say "udder". When a doe's udder starts to form for the first time, or an already formed udder starts filling with milk, this is called "making her udder". When her udder really starts seriously filling with milk, this is called "bagging up".
Urinary Calculi- Metabolic disease characterized by the formation of stones within the urinary tract. Usually only affects male goats, ones that have been castrated too young, and can be fatal. Click here for more info.
Vaccination- An injection, given to healthy animals (and humans), used to stimulate immunity to specific diseases. Usually weak or dead forms of the pathogen that cause the disease.
Wattles- Wattles are "goat jewelry". Some goats have them, some do not. They serve no purpose but adornment.
Wether- A castrated male goat, can be of any age.
White Muscle Disease- A disease caused by a deficiency of selenium, Vitamin E or both that causes degeneration of skeletal and cardiac muscles of goats.
Yearling- A one year old goat. In shows they can be classed as a "dry-yearling" or "first freshener" depending on if they have given birth or not.